Hordeolum is an acute infectious process on the eye. It develops because of penetration into gland of Zeiss or ciliary hair bulb of infectious originators.
Current of Hordeolum is acute. It is not a cosmetic problem but a serious infectious disease. Crushing purulent damages of eyes and transition of illness to a chronic form can become complications.
There is hordeolum internum and hordeolum externum. The externum is more often met. Internal arises on the surface of conjunctiva turned to the eyeball and affects cartilaginous plate of blepharon.
Hordeolum on eye can be single; but sometimes there is multiple precipitation or two eyes are affected at the same time.
In elderly people or when weakening immunity there is a transition of hordeolum from one hair follicle to another, and illness doesn’t recede for a long time.
Clinical signs of hordeolum are: itch of eyelid edge, reddening and edema, pain disturbs the patient at rest and amplifies at pressing. Sometimes edema on the blepharon is so expressed that patient cannot open a sore eye.
Body temperature increases, complains of chill, pain, headache. Submandibular and parotid lymph nodes are enlarged. Later on the end of tumescence the pustule is formed and the pain syndrome abates. At spontaneous opening of hordeolum its cavity is emptied from purulent contents, and all signs gradually disappear.
Internal hordeolum is localized in the thickness of cartilage. It is determined by turning inside out the blepharon. The disease looks as reddening and edema of conjunctiva. In three days pus of yellow-green color is seen through mucosa.
Never squeeze out purulent contents of hordeolum. The infection can penetrate into deep veins of face and eye, result in blood poisoning.